July 31, 2008

Agile 2008: Presentation of Examples stage

Here is a podcast where Adam Geras presents the Examples stage of Agile 2008. He talks about my session towards the end of its speech. Thanks Adam.

You will also find podcasted presentations of the other stages here.

July 29, 2008

Preparing Agile 2008: TDR workshop

Yesterday evening my colleagues and I organized at Valtech office in Paris a rehearsal of my workshop for Agile 2008. This event was open and announced on the XP France web site. My colleagues took this opportunity to videotape the session and we invited a production company to do the same, so hopefully we should post a video abstract in a couple of days on the Valtech website. I would like to thank all the participants that took time to come after the standard office hours. They've been greatly rewarded with pizzas :)
Eric has already posted a summary of the evening (in french).

It was the first time I conducted the second part of the workshop, as I'm already conducting the first part in the TDR courses. This session uncovered lots of interesting points.

About the format and organization first. It lasted approximately 135 mins despite my efforts to shorten some phases, so it is still 45 mins too long. I can to optimize time by writing guiding sheets for the participants so I don't need to explain too much what they're exepected to do, that will also make the instructions clearer. I will also reduce the number of wooden blocks so the first part of the workshop can fit within the expected 30 mins.

Regarding the content I was surprised how unnatural it seems to use tests for exploring needs and formalizing requirements. The participants did use examples in their discussions, but it seems they didn't realize that these examples were already test embryos, so they took note of generic software requirements made after the examples, and then wrote tests from those requirements... Well, exactly the opposite stuff I wanted to see... So I encouraged the groups to work on concrete examples, and start writing tests from those examples.

Then going from examples to concrete tests seemed another uneasy step. I observed that many of the participants proposed to write tables (FIT habits ?) where I felt writing text and progressively maturing a DSL would make more sense and be more efficient for the exercise. As a result, participants were spending lots of time trying to put everything in a couple of tables and thus looking for suitable formats rather than simply writing tests as examples unfold. I also saw the teams progressivelly overwhelmed by the complexity of the requirements and losing track of the basic examples they had discussed at the very beginning of the exercise. They did not want to write tests until they get a sufficient idea of the requirements and they understood their complexity.

This workshop tought me that using tests for exploring needs and specifying software isn't that obvious. We should definitely think of some communication techniques so that teams get some guidance in this field, something like the TDD process applied to requirements (well, we've come a long way, it is the idea of test-driven requirements after all...). TDD does not allow you to write bunch of tests at once and then produce the code, it tells you to do one thing at a time, so you're not overwhelmed by the complexity. What could be the process for TDR ? What about: 1. get an example, 2. write a test, 3. get agreement on that test. We need to think about that and I'm really eager to conduct the workshop at Agile 2008 to check the output.